Research Blog 3- Jumping Over the Hurdles


During the research project, I found it difficult to find a lot of articles on Kate Chopin’s The Storm. The Storm was published after the death of Kate Chopin, and has not had as much of a reaction by the public as some of her other works such as The Awakening. Stories like The Awakening had more of an impact on her life than The Storm, because as an author, Chopin was not able to see the reaction to her story by the public. This was difficult because the majority of my research connects Chopin’s personal life to her writing in The Storm. Her personal life has played a role in her stories throughout the years, and finding the impact of the publishing of The Storm would have been a strong element to my research.

Knowing I had to find other ways to make up for this, I started by researching how other publishing’s of her short stories affected her writing. With negative feedback in The Awakening, Chopin cut back on going against the social norms of society. This is one of the reasons why Chopin did not publish The Storm in her lifetime. As much as Chopin tried to go against the grain of society, there is evidence that the view of her novel by society contributed to her overall writing.

Finding connections between Chopin’s personal life and her writing became difficult when searching through literary criticism. I came to realize that going through biographies of Kate Chopin gave more insight on these connections. The biographies really went through an in depth discussion over Chopin’s life away from writing, which brought out more connections.

Although some connections were found in the article themselves, a lot of connections between Chopin and her writing had to come from my own in depth analysis of the articles. Some biographies would point out parts of Chopin’s life that could relate to the characters in her writing, but it was up to me to realize the similarities on my own. This yielded a more in depth close reading of each article, forcing me to really think about Chopin’s life and The Storm.


Annotated Bibliography 5


YouCanDoItCutter, Martha J. “Losing the Battle but Winning the War: Resistance to Patriarchal Discourse in Kate Chopin’s Short Fiction.” Legacy: A Journal of American Women Writers 11.1 (1994): 17-36. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Ed. Joseph Palmisano. Vol. 68. Detroit: Gale, 2004. Literature Resource Center. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.

In this article by Martha Cutter, she reveals the change in a woman’s role in society as Chopin’s views change. It discusses the roles women play in other works by Chopin, and also the role of Calixta in The Storm.

Cutter argues that as time passes, the role that women play in Chopin’s writing shifts. She states that in the early writings, women are submissive and never act out. They have learned to become passive, and lack any sort of aggression. Towards the end of Chopin’s writings, women like Calixta are acting out and participating in love affairs. This parallels to Chopin’s life. During Chopin’s marriage, she seemed quiet and passive, not breaking any of the rules of a loyal wife. Even after her husband passed away, she continued to remain loyal while running the family business. After a few years she became involved in a love affair, fulfilling her own sense of birthright. This is a parallel similarity to the patterns of her writings.

This article relates to the roles of women that are in Chopin’s writing. By the time The Storm was written, Chopin’s view of females in her work had shifted from the females being submissive, to a more dominant role. Calixta goes against societal norms and engages in a love affair, showing a more powerful side to females as a whole.

This piece of writing by Martha Cutter gave new insight on the parallel between Chopin and her work. It is a valuable source that tracks the role of women throughout Chopin’s writing as time progresses. This source gives a lot of value to my paper, because it gives a new link between Chopin’s writing and her personal life.

After the advanced search for Kate Chopin and The Storm, I went on to an analysis that involved Calitxta, where I found this piece of writing by Martha Cutter

Annotated Bibliography 4

Kate Chopin in 1894

Kate Chopin in 1894 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Stein, Allen. “The Kaleidoscope of Truth: A New Look at Chopin’s ‘The Storm.’.” American Literary Realism, 1870-1910 36.1 (Fall 2003): 51-64. Rpt. in Short Story Criticism. Vol. 110. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center. Web. 3 Apr. 2013.

The article I read, by Allen Stein, analyzed the text of The Storm. Stein began with giving an overall summary of The Storm, stating the key points of the story. Stein begins to analyze the affair between Alcee and Calitxa, revealing both arguments to Chopin’s view on birthright.

Stein writes about Chopin’s view on the love affair. He states that Chopin was explaining what it mean to be human, and it is natural to fulfill your human needs. He also writes about the opposing views stating that Chopin does not take into consideration morals and values of a woman.

Chopin’s view on birthright was not only incorporated into her writing, but her personal life as well. To get more of a background on the reading and other analyses of the work, it helps me further understand Chopin’s views.

Stein seems to be very well versed on all sides of the argument in terms of Chopin’s idea of birthright. He gives a lot of background information that truly shows the value of this source. The likelihood of this source becoming a part of my paper is large because it gives both sides of an argument that I can use for further research.

I found this article in the a-z database through king library.  The advanced search was necessary in order to find writings on not only Kate Chopin, but The Storm as well.

Annotated Bibliography 3


Inge, Tonette Bond, and William E. Grant. “Katherine Chopin.” American Short-Story Writers, 1880-1910. Ed. Bobby Ellen Kimbel and William E. Grant. Detroit: Gale Research, 1989. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 78. Literature Resource Center. Web. 2 Apr. 2013.

This source was found on the King Library database under the Literature Resource Center. It begins with a description of Kate Chopin’s life and they way she grew up. The article discusses a lot about Chopin’s personality and her defiance to society.

As the description of Chopin’s life continues, it briefly explains Chopin’s way of going against the grain. It stated that Chopin dressed unlike women of her age at the time, and smoked cigarettes before it was acceptable for women to do so. The biography goes on to talk about different works of Chopin’s writing including The Storm. It reveals that Chopin did not publish the story during her lifetime because of the negative affects of The Awakening. 

While Chopin went against societal norms in her way of life, her writing followed the same pattern. As Alcee and Calixta went about a love affair that would be seen to society as morally wrong, they walked away from the affair lacking any negative consequences. The experiences that Chopin went through in her personal life and her general attitude of defying the norms shines through once again in her work. This once again relates to the theme of my work by relating Chopin’s personal life to her writing, and how her personal life could have affected her writing.

The source comes from a dictionary of literary biography, proving itself as a credible source. The article goes in depth on the life of Kate Chopin, accurately describing her as a writer and a person. This source has some value to my overall work, but not as much as the previous sources have shown.

I found this article through an advanced search, making sure the results pulled up not only Kate Chopin but also The Storm. I wanted to make sure there was a connection between Kate Chopin and the specific writings of The Storm. Finding this article was somewhat difficult, but the information was valuable.

Annotated Bibliography 2


white-flower-1Baker, Christopher. “Chopin’s The Storm.” The Explicator 52.4 (1994): 225+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

The article I found was from The Explicator written by Christopher Baker. In this article, Baker identifies the floral metaphors that link to multiple parts of the love affair.

Baker explains that Chopin was a biology major, giving insight on Chopin as a writer. With Chopin’s background in biology, the floral imagery is apparent throughout the short story. Calixta’s name, coming from the term for an outer protective shell of a flower called “calyx”, is just one example of the botanical imagery found in The Storm. Baker points out multiple other instances where Calixta is referred to as a flower as well. Baker also points out floral imagery when referring to the love affair between Alcee and Calixta.

The goal of the source was to identify a new aspect of The Storm in terms of analyzing the text. This source gave me yet another way to understand Chopin as an author and her way of writing as well. This can easily fit into my research because not only does it give me some background information on Chopin, but it also explains why she wrote things the way she did.

This source was extremely useful because, unlike other sources I have found, this article was focused solely on The Storm.  Baker gives multiple examples of these floral images, successfully supporting his argument. It was difficult in the past to find reliable sources that had more than a paragraph or a few sentences based on The Storm. The article also identified a different aspect to the close reading that I had never seen before, which was extremely beneficial to my research.

Finding this article was done through the Literature Resource Center in the King Library database. Finding an article based solely on The Storm was difficult to find, but with more of an extended research, I was not only able to find an article that met my needs specifically, but I was able to find out more about Chopin as a writer.

Annotated Bibliography 1


“Kate Chopin.” Feminist Writers. Ed. Pamela Kester-Shelton. Detroit: St. James Press, 1996. Literature Resource Center. Web. 1 Apr. 2013.

chopinThe next source came from The Feminist Writers. This source gives a brief background on Kate Chopin’s personal life. It talks about the struggles Chopin went through, as well as multiple connections between her personal life and her short stories.

This article relates Chopin’s personal life to her short stories very frequently. In the sources, I learned that Kate Chopin moved to Louisiana and spent most of her life there, explaining why most of her stories were set in Louisiana towns. The source also goes on to explain that after Kate Chopin’s husband passed away, she continued to run his business, showing her strength and perseverance that she portrays in multiple female characters throughout her stories. The author of the source also goes on to reveal a love affair that Chopin had with a married man after her own husband passed away. This is then related closely to The Storm where Calixta and Alcee have a heated love affair while their spouses are away.

The author of the source shows that Chopin’s personal past reflects throughout her writing, like in The Storm. An author’s work often reflects them as an individual, and in this case, Chopin’s writing reflects personal experiences as well. Calixta and Alcee were able to walk away from the love affair without negative consequences, revealing that Chopin did not believe she did anything wrong when she had a love affair with a married man.

This source once again reveals more about Chopin’s past and how it has reflected in her writing. It explains why Chopin writes in the way that she does, which is a helpful tool when understanding her writing. I believe this source is key to my research because is gives me more connections between Chopin’s past, and her writing. I will most likely use this in my synthesis paper because of the numerous connections it gives me between Chopin and her writing.

I found this article when researching biographies on Kate Chopin in the Literature Resource Center through King Library. This individual biography had not only connections on Chopin’s history to her writing, but specifically Chopin and The Storm.

Research Blog 2- Visualization


When creating my first blog, I want to make sure it represents myself. The visuals of the blog need to represent myself, as an individual,  but also

myself as a student.  It is important that my page is personalized because my writing always reflects myself as well. I also want my blog to catch the reader’s attention while they are scrolling through the page. Having great visual aspects to the blog really helps the reader enjoy the blog, and keep interested while reading. When writing a blog, the interests of the readers are one of the main concepts to take into consideration.

I have come up with some ideas for my blog thus far. Black and white photography is definitely an interesting concept to play with, but too much can push the reader away. images